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Charles W. Morgan
John Paul Jones
Launch of the Flying Cloud
Learn more about the Ships
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was the largest of the three
in his first voyage across the
in 1492. Her master and owner was
Juan de la Cosa
was a small carrack, or "Nao" around 70 feet, and was used as the flagship for the expedition. In 1492, in the middle of the expedition, the ship was beached accidentally on a reef and its wood used to build shelters.
A non-sailing replica found in
The other ships of the Columbus expedition were the
, remembered as the
("The Girl" – a pun on the name of her owner, Juan Niño) and
("The Painted" – this might be a reference to excessive
. All these ships were second-hand (if not third or more) vessels and were never meant for exploration.
was originally named
("The Gallician"), probably because she was built in Galicia. It seems the ship was known to her sailors as
, literally "Dirty Mary").
Bartolomé de Las Casas
La Gallega, Marigalante
in his writings, preferring to use
The ship was about 70 ft (18 m) long, had a deck and three
. She was the slowest of Columbus' vessels but performed well in the Atlantic crossing. The ship ran aground off the present-day site of
No authentic contemporary likeness of any of the three ships of the Columbus expedition is known to exist. Several replicas of the
have been built, all based solely on conjectures.
This information was taken from
As with the Santa Maria no clear picture of Christopher Columbus exists today. The link in the article from Wikipedia and these two show some of the portraits that exist.
Christopher Columbus Portrait.pdf
Portrait of Columbus.pdf
The files below give a lengthy description of a carrack taken from "The Book of Old Ships" by Gordon Grant and Henry B. Culver.
The Carrack part 1.pdf
The Carrack part 2.pdf
The Carrack part 3.pdf
The Carrack part 4.pdf
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